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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM
10-Q
Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2021
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the Transition Period From                     to
Commission file number 1-8400
American Airlines Group Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
75-1825172
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
1 Skyview Drive,
Fort Worth,
Texas
76155
(682)278-9000
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Commission file number 1-2691
American Airlines, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
13-1502798
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
1 Skyview Drive,
Fort Worth,
Texas
76155
(682)278-9000
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share
 
AAL
 
The Nasdaq Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. 
American Airlines Group Inc.
Yes
 No
American Airlines, Inc.
Yes
 No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). 
American Airlines Group Inc.
Yes
 No
American Airlines, Inc.
Yes
 No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
American Airlines Group Inc.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filerNon-accelerated filerSmaller reporting companyEmerging growth company
American Airlines, Inc.Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting companyEmerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by checkmark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
American Airlines Group Inc.
American Airlines, Inc.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
American Airlines Group Inc.Yes No
American Airlines, Inc.YesNo
As of April 16, 2021, there were 641,383,123 shares of American Airlines Group Inc. common stock outstanding.
As of April 16, 2021, there were 1,000 shares of American Airlines, Inc. common stock outstanding, all of which were held by American Airlines Group Inc.



American Airlines Group Inc.
American Airlines, Inc.
Form 10-Q
Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2021
Table of Contents
  Page
PART I: FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II: OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 6.

1


General
This report is filed by American Airlines Group Inc. (AAG) and its wholly-owned subsidiary American Airlines, Inc. (American). References in this report to “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Company” and similar terms refer to AAG and its consolidated subsidiaries. References in this report to “mainline” refer to the operations of American only and exclude regional operations.
Glossary of Terms
For the convenience of the reader, the definitions of certain capitalized industry and other terms used in this report have been consolidated into a Glossary beginning on page 5.
Note Concerning Forward-Looking Statements
Certain of the statements contained in this report should be considered forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the Securities Act), the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act), and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements may be identified by words such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “intend,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “plan,” “project,” “could,” “should,” “would,” “continue,” “seek,” “target,” “guidance,” “outlook,” “if current trends continue,” “optimistic,” “forecast” and other similar words. Such statements include, but are not limited to, statements about our plans, objectives, expectations, intentions, estimates and strategies for the future, and other statements that are not historical facts. These forward-looking statements are based on our current objectives, beliefs and expectations, and they are subject to significant risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results and financial position and timing of certain events to differ materially from the information in the forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those described below under Part I, Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, Part II, Item 1A. Risk Factors and other risks and uncertainties listed from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC).
All of the forward-looking statements are qualified in their entirety by reference to the factors discussed in Part II, Item 1A. Risk Factors and elsewhere in this report. There may be other factors of which we are not currently aware that may affect matters discussed in the forward-looking statements and may also cause actual results to differ materially from those discussed. In particular, the consequences of the coronavirus outbreak to economic conditions and the travel industry in general and our financial position and operating results in particular have been material, are changing rapidly, and cannot be predicted. We do not assume any obligation to publicly update or supplement any forward-looking statement to reflect actual results, changes in assumptions or changes in other factors affecting such statements other than as required by law. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report or as of the dates indicated in the statements.
2

Table of Contents
Summary of Risk Factors
Our business is subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that may affect our business, results of operations and financial condition, or the trading price of our common stock or other securities. We caution the reader that these risk factors may not be exhaustive. We operate in a continually changing business environment, and new risks and uncertainties emerge from time to time. Management cannot predict such new risks and uncertainties, nor can it assess the extent to which any of the risk factors below or any such new risks and uncertainties, or any combination thereof, may impact our business. These risks are more fully described in Part II, Item 1A. Risk Factors These risks include, among others, the following:
Risks Related to our Business
The outbreak and global spread of COVID-19 has resulted in a severe decline in demand for air travel which has and will continue to adversely impact our business, operating results, financial condition and liquidity.
Downturns in economic conditions and related depressed demand for air travel could adversely affect our business.
We will need to obtain sufficient financing or other capital to operate successfully.
Our high level of debt and other obligations may limit our ability to fund general corporate requirements and obtain additional financing, may limit our flexibility in responding to competitive developments and cause our business to be vulnerable to adverse economic and industry conditions.
We have significant pension and other postretirement benefit funding obligations, which may adversely affect our liquidity, results of operations and financial condition.
The loss of key personnel upon whom we depend to operate our business or the inability to attract and develop additional qualified personnel could adversely affect our business.
Our business has been and will continue to be affected by many changing economic and other conditions beyond our control, including global events that affect travel behavior, and our results of operations could be volatile and fluctuate due to seasonality.
Union disputes, employee strikes and other labor-related disruptions, or our inability to otherwise maintain labor costs at competitive levels may adversely affect our operations and financial performance.
If we encounter problems with any of our third-party regional operators or third-party service providers, our operations could be adversely affected by a resulting decline in revenue or negative public perception about our services.
Any negative publicity stemming from any public incident involving our company, our people, our brand or any of our regional, codeshare or joint business operators or any damage to our reputation or brand image could adversely affect our business or financial results.
Our intellectual property rights, particularly our branding rights, are valuable, and any inability to protect them may adversely affect our business and financial results.
Our ability to utilize our NOL Carryforwards may be limited.
We have a significant amount of goodwill, which is assessed for impairment at least annually. In addition, we may never realize the full value of our intangible assets or long-lived assets, causing us to record material impairment charges.
3

Table of Contents
Risks Related to the Airline Industry
The airline industry is intensely competitive and dynamic.
The commercial relationships that we have with other airlines, including any related equity investment, may not produce the returns or results we expect.
Our business is very dependent on the price and availability of aircraft fuel and continued periods of high volatility in fuel costs, increased fuel prices or significant disruptions in the supply of aircraft fuel could have a significant negative impact on consumer demand, our operating results and liquidity.
Our business is subject to extensive government regulation, which may result in increases in our costs, disruptions to our operations, limits on our operating flexibility, reductions in the demand for air travel, and competitive disadvantages.
We operate a global business with international operations that are subject to economic and political instability and have been, and in the future may continue to be, adversely affected by numerous events, circumstances or government actions beyond our control.
We may be adversely affected by conflicts overseas or terrorist attacks; the travel industry continues to face ongoing security concerns.
We are subject to risks associated with climate change, including increased regulation of our CO2 emissions, changing consumer preferences and the potential increased impacts of severe weather events on our operations and infrastructure.
We depend on a limited number of suppliers for aircraft, aircraft engines and parts.
Delays in scheduled aircraft deliveries or other loss of anticipated fleet capacity, and failure of new aircraft to perform as expected, may adversely impact our business, results of operations and financial condition.
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GLOSSARY OF TERMS
“2013 Credit Agreement” means the Amended and Restated Credit and Guaranty Agreement dated as of May 21, 2015, among American, AAG, the lenders from time to time party thereto, Deutsche Bank AG New York Branch, as administrative agent, and certain other parties thereto, as amended.
“2013 Credit Facilities” means the 2013 Revolving Facility and 2013 Term Loan Facility provided for by the 2013 Credit Agreement.
“2013 Revolving Facility” means the $750 million revolving credit facility provided for by the 2013 Credit Agreement.
“2013 Term Loan Facility” means the $1.9 billion term loan facility provided for under the 2013 Credit Agreement.
“2014 Credit Agreement” means the Amended and Restated Credit and Guaranty Agreement, dated as of April 20, 2015, among American, AAG, the lenders from time to time party thereto, Citibank N.A., as administrative agent, and certain other parties thereto, as amended.
“2014 Credit Facilities” means the 2014 Revolving Facility and the 2014 Term Loan Facility provided for by the 2014 Credit Agreement.
“2014 Revolving Facility” means the $1.6 billion revolving credit facility provided for by the 2014 Credit Agreement.
“2014 Term Loan Facility” means the $1.2 billion term loan facility provided for by the 2014 Credit Agreement.
“2020 Form 10-K” means AAG’s and American’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
“2026 Notes” means the AAdvantage Issuers' 5.50% Senior Secured Notes due 2026.
“2029 Notes” means the AAdvantage Issuers' 5.75% Senior Secured Notes due 2029.
“AAdvantage” means the AAdvantage® frequent flyer program.
“AAdvantage Agreements” means the AAdvantage program agreements provided as collateral under the AAdvantage Financing.
“AAdvantage Collateral” means the AAdvantage Agreements (including all payments thereunder) and rights under an intercompany agreement and certain IP Licenses, certain rights under the AAdvantage program, certain deposit accounts that will receive cash under the AAdvantage Agreements, certain reserve accounts, the equity of each of Loyalty Issuer and the SPV Guarantors and substantially all other assets of Loyalty Issuer and the SPV Guarantors.
“AAdvantage Financing” means the AAdvantage Notes and the AAdvantage Term Loan Facility.
“AAdvantage Financing Closing Date” means March 24, 2021.
“AAdvantage Guarantees” means the AAdvantage Notes Guarantees, together with the full and unconditional guarantee of the AAdvantage Loans by the AAdvantage Guarantors.
“AAdvantage Guarantors” means the SPV Guarantors and AAG.
“AAdvantage Indenture” means the indenture, dated as of March 24, 2021, by and among the AAdvantage Issuers, the AAdvantage Guarantors and Wilmington Trust, National Association, as trustee and as collateral custodian.
“AAdvantage Issuers” means the Loyalty Issuer and American.
“AAdvantage Loans” means the $3.5 billion of term loans provided pursuant to the AAdvantage Term Loan Facility.
“AAdvantage Note Guarantees” means the full and unconditional guarantee of the AAdvantage Notes by AAG, AAdvantage Holdings 1, Ltd. and HoldCo2.
“AAdvantage Notes” means, collectively, the 2026 Notes and the 2029 Notes.
“AAdvantage Payment Date” means, with respect to the payment of interest on the AAdvantage Notes and AAdvantage Loans, the 20th day of each January, April, July and October.
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“AAdvantage Term Loan Facility” means the $3.5 billion term loan facility provided pursuant to the term loan credit and guaranty agreement, dated as of March 24, 2021, with Barclays Bank PLC, as administrative agent, Wilmington Trust, National Association, as collateral administrator, and the lenders party thereto.
“AAG”, “we”, “us”, “our” and similar terms means American Airlines Group Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.
“American” means American Airlines, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of AAG.
“American Eagle” means our regional carriers, including our wholly-owned regional carriers Envoy, PSA and Piedmont, as well as third-party regional carriers including Mesa, Republic and SkyWest.
“AMR” or “AMR Corporation” means AMR Corporation and is used to reference AAG during the period of time prior to its emergence from Chapter 11 and the Merger.
“AMT” means alternative minimum tax.
“AOCI” means accumulated other comprehensive income (loss).
“April 2016 Credit Agreement” means the Credit and Guaranty Agreement, dated as of April 29, 2016, among American, AAG, the lenders from time to time party thereto, Barclays Bank PLC, as administrative agent, and certain other parties thereto, as amended.
“April 2016 Credit Facilities” means the April 2016 Revolving Facility and April 2016 Term Loan Facility provided for by the 2016 Credit Agreement.
“April 2016 Revolving Facility” means the $450 million revolving credit facility provided for by the April 2016 Credit Agreement.
“April 2016 Term Loan Facility” means the $1,000 million term loan facility provided for by the April 2016 Credit Agreement.
“ARP” means the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021, as amended.
“ASM” means available seat mile and is a basic measure of production. One ASM represents one seat flown one mile.
“ASU” means Accounting Standards Update.
“ATC system” means the U.S. National Airspace System.
“Bankruptcy Court” means the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York.
“Bylaws” means AAG’s Amended and Restated Bylaws, as amended.
“CARES Act” means the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act, as amended.
“CASM” means operating cost per available seat mile and is equal to operating expenses divided by ASMs.
“CBAs” means collective bargaining agreements.
“CEO” means Chief Executive Officer.
“CFO” means Chief Financial Officer.
“Chapter 11 Cases” means the voluntary petitions for relief filed on November 29, 2011 by the Debtors.
“China Southern Airlines” means China Southern Airlines Company Limited.
“CMA” means the United Kingdom Competition and Markets Authority.
“CO2” means carbon dioxide.
“Code” means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.
“Company” means AAG and its consolidated subsidiaries.
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“Convertible Notes” means AAG’s 6.50% convertible senior notes due 2025.
“Convertible Notes Indenture” means the indenture, dated as of June 25, 2020, between AAG and the Convertible Notes Trustee, as supplemented by the first supplemental indenture, dated as of June 25, 2020, among AAG, American and the Convertible Notes Trustee.
“Convertible Notes Trustee” means Wilmington Trust, National Association, as trustee with respect to the Convertible Notes.
“CORSIA” means the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation.
“COVID-19” means coronavirus.
“DCA” means Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport.
“DC Court” means the Federal District Court for the District of Columbia.
“Debtors” means AMR, American, and certain of AMR’s other direct and indirect domestic subsidiaries.
“December 2016 Credit Agreement” means the Credit and Guaranty Agreement dated as of December 15, 2016, among American, AAG, the lenders from time to time party thereto, Citibank N.A., as administrative agent, and certain other parties thereto, as amended.
“December 2016 Credit Facilities” means the revolving credit facility that may be established under the December 2016 Credit Agreement and the December 2016 Term Loan Facility provided for by the December 2016 Credit Agreement.
“December 2016 Term Loan Facility” means the $1.2 billion term loan facility provided for under the December 2016 Credit Agreement.
“Disputed Claims Reserve” means a reserve established by the Bankruptcy Court, pursuant to the Plan, to hold shares of AAG common stock for issuance to disputed claimholders at the Effective Date.
“DOJ” means the U.S. Department of Justice.
“DOT” means the U.S. Department of Transportation.
“EC” means the European Commission.
“EETC” means enhanced equipment trust certificate.
“Effective Date” means December 9, 2013.
“Envoy” means Envoy Air Inc.
“EPA” means the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
“EPS” means earnings (loss) per common share.
“EU” means European Union.
"EWR" means Newark Liberty International Airport.
“Exchange Act” means Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
“FAA” means Federal Aviation Administration.
“GAAP” means generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S.
“GDSs” means global distribution systems.
“GHG” means greenhouse gas.
“holdback” means an amount of cash held by our credit card processors in certain circumstances (including, with respect to certain agreements, our failure to maintain certain levels of liquidity).
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“HoldCo2” means AAdvantage Holdings 2, Ltd., a Cayman Islands exempted company incorporated with limited liability and an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of American and the direct parent of Loyalty Issuer.
“HoldCo2 License” means the exclusive, irrevocable (subject to certain termination rights), perpetual, worldwide, royalty-bearing license to use the Transferred AAdvantage IP granted to HoldCo2 from Loyalty Issuer.
“IAM” means International Association of Machinists & Aerospace Workers.
“IAM Pension Fund” means the IAM National Pension Fund.
“ICAO” means International Civil Aviation Organization.
“IP Licenses” means the HoldCo2 License and the exclusive, irrevocable (subject to certain termination rights), perpetual, worldwide, royalty-bearing sublicense to use the Transferred AAdvantage IP granted by HoldCo2 to American.
“IP Notes” means American’s $1.0 billion in initial principal amount of 10.75% senior secured IP notes.
“Installment” means the financial assistance payment, in installments, by Treasury pursuant to the PSP2 Agreement.
“JetBlue” means JetBlue Airways Corporation.
“JFK” means John F. Kennedy International Airport.
“LAX” means Los Angeles International Airport.
“LEED” means U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design.
“LGA/DCA Notes” means American’s $200 million in initial principal amount of 10.75% senior secured LGA/DCA notes.
“LGA/DCA Notes Indenture” means the indenture, dated as of September 25, 2020, by and among American, AAG and Wilmington Trust, National Association, as trustee and as collateral trustee, pursuant to which the LGA/DCA Notes were issued.
“LGA” means LaGuardia Airport.
“LGW” or “London Gatwick” means London Gatwick Airport.
“LHR” or “London Heathrow” means London Heathrow Airport.
“LIBOR” means the London interbank offered rate for deposits of U.S. dollars.
“Loyalty Issuer” means AAdvantage Loyalty IP Ltd., a Cayman Islands exempted company incorporated with limited liability and an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of American.
“LTV” means loan to value ratio.
“Mainline” means the operations of American and excludes regional operations.
“Merger” means the merger of US Airways Group and AMR Corporation on December 9, 2013.
“Mesa” means Mesa Airlines, Inc.
“NMB” means National Mediation Board.
“NOL Carryforwards” means a deduction in any taxable year for net operating losses carried over from prior taxable years.
“NOLs” means net operating losses.
“ORD” means Chicago O’Hare International Airport.
“OTAs” means online travel agents.
“Passenger load factor” means the percentage of available seats that are filled with revenue passengers.
“PEB” means Presidential Emergency Board.
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“Piedmont” means Piedmont Airlines, Inc.
“Plan” means the Debtors’ fourth amended joint plan of reorganization.
“PRASM” means passenger revenue per available seat mile and is equal to passenger revenues divided by ASMs.
“PSA” means PSA Airlines, Inc.
“PSP1” means the payroll support program established under the CARES Act.
“PSP1 Promissory Note” means the promissory note issued to Treasury in connection with PSP1.
“PSP1 Warrant Agreement” means the agreement entered into between AAG and Treasury in connection with the PSP1 Agreement, pursuant to which AAG issued PSP1 Warrants to Treasury to purchase up to an aggregate of approximately 14.1 million shares of AAG common stock.
“PSP1 Warrants” means the warrants issued or to be issued to Treasury pursuant to the PSP1 Warrant Agreement.
“PSP2” means the payroll support program established under the PSP Extension Law.
“PSP2 Agreement” means the Payroll Support Program Extension Agreement entered into by the Subsidiaries with Treasury on the PSP2 Closing Date.
“PSP2 Closing Date” means January 15, 2021.
"PSP2 Financial Assistance" means the portion of financial assistance received from Treasury pursuant to the PSP2 Agreement that is not allocated to the PSP2 Warrants or PSP2 Promissory Note.
“PSP2 Maturity Date” means the tenth anniversary of the PSP2 Closing Date.
“PSP2 Promissory Note” means the promissory note issued to Treasury in connection with PSP2.
“PSP2 Warrant Agreement” means the agreement entered into between AAG and Treasury in connection with the PSP2 Agreement, pursuant to which AAG issued PSP2 Warrants to Treasury to purchase at least 5.7 million shares of AAG common stock.
“PSP2 Warrant Shares” means at least 5.7 million shares of AAG common stock which Treasury will have the right to purchase pursuant to PSP2 Warrants issued or to be issued by AAG in accordance with the PSP2 Warrant Agreement.
“PSP2 Warrants” means the warrants issued or to be issued to Treasury pursuant to the PSP2 Warrant Agreement.
“PSP3” means the payroll support program established under the ARP.
“PSP3 Agreement” means the Payroll Support Program Agreement to be entered into by the Subsidiaries with Treasury in connection with the provision of financial assistance under PSP3.
“PSP3 Promissory Note” means the promissory note to be issued to Treasury in connection with PSP3.
“PSP3 Warrant Agreement” means the agreement to be entered into between AAG and Treasury in connection with the PSP3 Agreement, pursuant to which AAG will issue warrants to Treasury to purchase up to approximately 4.4 million shares of AAG common stock.
“PSP Extension Law” means Subtitle A of Title IV of Division N of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021.
“Republic” means Republic Airways Inc.
“RLA” means Railway Labor Act.
“ROU” means right-of-use.
“RPM” or “RPMs” means revenue passenger mile or miles and is a basic measure of sales volume. One RPM represents one passenger flown one mile.
“SEA” means Seattle-Tacoma International Airport.
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“SEC” means Securities and Exchange Commission.
“Section 382” means Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code.
“Securities Act” means Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
“SkyWest” means SkyWest Airlines, Inc.
“slots” means landing and take-off rights and authorizations, as required by certain airports.
“SOFR” means the Secured Overnight Financing Rate.
“SPV Guarantors” means AAdvantage Holdings 1, Ltd. and HoldCo2.
“Subsidiaries” means American, Envoy, PSA and Piedmont, each a wholly-owned subsidiary of AAG.
“Terminal 8” means the passenger terminal facility used by American at JFK.
“Transferred AAdvantage IP” means, among other things, American’s rights to certain data and other intellectual property used in the AAdvantage program (subject to certain exceptions).
“TRASM” means the total revenue per available seat mile and is equal to the total revenues divided by total mainline and third-party regional carrier ASMs.
“Treasury” means the U.S. Department of the Treasury.
“Treasury Loan Agreement” means the Loan and Guarantee Agreement, dated as of September 25, 2020, between AAG, American and Treasury which provides for the Treasury Term Loan Facility.
“Treasury Loan Warrants” means the warrants issued or to be issued to Treasury pursuant to the Treasury Loan Warrant Agreement.
“Treasury Term Loan Facility” means the term loan facility provided for under the Treasury Loan Agreement.
“US Airways” means US Airways, Inc.
“US Airways Group” means US Airways Group, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.
“USTR” means the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative.
“Withdrawal Agreement” means the agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community.
“WTO” means World Trade Organization.
“Yield” means a measure of airline revenue derived by dividing passenger revenue by RPMs.
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PART I: FINANCIAL INFORMATION
This report on Form 10-Q is filed by both AAG and American and includes the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of each company in Item 1A and Item 1B, respectively.
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ITEM 1A. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF AMERICAN AIRLINES GROUP INC.
AMERICAN AIRLINES GROUP INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In millions, except share and per share amounts)(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20212020
Operating revenues:
Passenger$3,179 $7,681 
Cargo315 147 
Other514 687 
Total operating revenues4,008 8,515 
Operating expenses:
Aircraft fuel and related taxes1,034 1,784 
Salaries, wages and benefits2,730 3,219 
Regional expenses625 1,140 
Maintenance, materials and repairs376 629 
Other rent and landing fees570 611 
Aircraft rent351 334 
Selling expenses151 385 
Depreciation and amortization478 560 
Special items, net(1,708)1,132 
Other716 1,270 
Total operating expenses5,323 11,064 
Operating loss(1,315)(2,549)
Nonoperating income (expense):
Interest income4 21 
Interest expense, net(371)(257)
Other income (expense), net109 (105)
Total nonoperating expense, net(258)(341)
Loss before income taxes(1,573)(2,890)
Income tax benefit(323)(649)
Net loss$(1,250)$(2,241)
Loss per common share:
Basic and diluted$(1.97)$(5.26)
Weighted average shares outstanding (in thousands):
Basic and diluted634,609 425,713 
Cash dividends declared per common share$ $0.10 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
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AMERICAN AIRLINES GROUP INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(In millions)(Unaudited) 
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20212020
Net loss$(1,250)$(2,241)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Pension, retiree medical and other postretirement benefits67 (126)
Investments (23)
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax67 (149)
Total comprehensive loss$(1,183)$(2,390)
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
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AMERICAN AIRLINES GROUP INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions, except share and par value)
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
 (Unaudited) 
ASSETS
Current assets
Cash$277 $245 
Short-term investments13,762 6,619 
Restricted cash and short-term investments806 609 
Accounts receivable, net971 1,342 
Aircraft fuel, spare parts and supplies, net1,658 1,614 
Prepaid expenses and other615 666 
Total current assets18,089 11,095 
Operating property and equipment
Flight equipment37,480 37,816 
Ground property and equipment9,108 9,194 
Equipment purchase deposits1,136 1,446 
Total property and equipment, at cost47,724 48,456 
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization(16,827)(16,757)
Total property and equipment, net30,897 31,699 
Operating lease right-of-use assets8,000 8,039 
Other assets
Goodwill4,091 4,091 
Intangibles, net of accumulated amortization of $755 and $745, respectively
2,019 2,029 
Deferred tax asset3,632 3,239 
Other assets1,921 1,816 
Total other assets11,663 11,175 
Total assets$68,649 $62,008 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)
Current liabilities
Current maturities of long-term debt and finance leases$2,444 $2,797 
Accounts payable1,624 1,196 
Accrued salaries and wages1,576 1,716 
Air traffic liability5,598 4,757 
Loyalty program liability2,323 2,033 
Operating lease liabilities1,595 1,651 
Other accrued liabilities2,173 2,419 
Total current liabilities17,333 16,569 
Noncurrent liabilities
Long-term debt and finance leases, net of current maturities37,247 29,796 
Pension and postretirement benefits6,765 7,069 
Loyalty program liability7,055 7,162 
Operating lease liabilities6,738 6,777 
Other liabilities1,456 1,502 
Total noncurrent liabilities59,261 52,306 
Commitments and contingencies
Stockholders’ equity (deficit)
Common stock, $0.01 par value; 1,750,000,000 shares authorized, 641,374,475 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021; 621,479,522 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2020
6 6 
Additional paid-in capital6,980 6,894 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(7,036)(7,103)
Retained deficit(7,895)(6,664)
Total stockholders’ deficit(7,945)(6,867)
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity (deficit)$68,649 $62,008 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
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AMERICAN AIRLINES GROUP INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In millions)(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20212020
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities$174 $(168)
Cash flows from investing activities:
Capital expenditures, net of aircraft purchase deposit returns19 (845)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment108 35 
Proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions99 280 
Purchases of short-term investments(8,557)(820)
Sales of short-term investments1,415 1,237 
Increase in restricted short-term investments(194) 
Other investing activities(42)(49)
Net cash used in investing activities(7,152)(162)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt10,861 1,698 
Payments on long-term debt and finance leases(4,054)(926)
Proceeds from issuance of equity316  
Deferred financing costs(162)(31)
Treasury stock repurchases and shares withheld for taxes pursuant to employee stock plans(13)(171)
Dividend payments (43)
Other financing activities65 (1)
Net cash provided by financing activities7,013 526 
Net increase in cash and restricted cash35 196 
Cash and restricted cash at beginning of period399 290 
Cash and restricted cash at end of period (1)
$434 $486 
Non-cash transactions:
Right-of-use (ROU) assets acquired through operating leases$359 $328 
Property and equipment acquired through finance leases22  
Settlement of bankruptcy obligations 56 
Deferred financing costs paid through issuance of debt 17 
Supplemental information:
Interest paid, net479 239 
Income taxes paid 2 
(1)The following table provides a reconciliation of cash and restricted cash to amounts reported within the condensed consolidated balance sheets:
Cash$277 $474 
Restricted cash included in restricted cash and short-term investments157 12 
Total cash and restricted cash$434 $486 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
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AMERICAN AIRLINES GROUP INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT
(In millions, except share amounts)(Unaudited)
Common
Stock
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Retained
Deficit
Total
Balance at December 31, 2020$6 $6,894 $(7,103)$(6,664)$(6,867)
Net loss— — — (1,250)(1,250)
Other comprehensive income, net— — 67 — 67 
Impact of adoption of Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2020-06 related to convertible instruments (see Note 1(c))— (320)— 19 (301)
Issuance of 18,194,573 shares of AAG common stock pursuant to an at-the-market offering, net of offering costs
— 316 — — 316 
Issuance of PSP2 Warrants (see Note 1(b))— 65 — — 65 
Issuance of 1,700,380 shares of AAG common stock pursuant to employee stock plans net of shares withheld for cash taxes
— (13)— — (13)
Share-based compensation expense
— 38 — — 38 
Balance at March 31, 2021$6 $6,980 $(7,036)$(7,895)$(7,945)


Common
Stock
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Retained
Earnings
(Deficit)
Total
Balance at December 31, 2019$4 $3,945 $(6,331)$2,264 $(118)
Net loss— — — (2,241)(2,241)
Other comprehensive loss, net— — (149)— (149)
Purchase and retirement of 6,378,025 shares of AAG common stock
— (145)— — (145)
Dividends declared on AAG common stock ($0.10 per share)
— — — (44)(44)
Issuance of 1,062,052 shares of AAG common stock pursuant to employee stock plans net of shares withheld for cash taxes
— (13)— — (13)
Settlement of single-dip unsecured claims held in Disputed Claims Reserve
— 56 — — 56 
Share-based compensation expense
— 18 — — 18 
Balance at March 31, 2020$4 $3,861 $(6,480)$(21)$(2,636)
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
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NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF AMERICAN AIRLINES GROUP INC.
(Unaudited)
1. Basis of Presentation and Recent Accounting Pronouncements
(a) Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of American Airlines Group Inc. (we, us, our and similar terms, or AAG) should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of AAG and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. AAG’s principal subsidiary is American Airlines, Inc. (American). All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated.
Management believes that all adjustments necessary for the fair presentation of results, consisting of normally recurring items, have been included in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the interim periods presented. The preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP) requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenues and expenses, and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The most significant areas of judgment relate to passenger revenue recognition, impairment of goodwill, impairment of long-lived and intangible assets, the loyalty program, deferred tax assets, as well as pension and retiree medical and other postretirement benefits. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. See Note 10 for further information.
(b) Impact of Coronavirus (COVID-19)
COVID-19 has been declared a global health pandemic by the World Health Organization. COVID-19 has surfaced in nearly all regions of the world, which has driven the implementation of significant, government-imposed measures to prevent or reduce its spread, including travel restrictions, testing regimes, closing of borders, “stay at home” orders and business closures. As a result, we have experienced an unprecedented decline in the demand for air travel, which has resulted in a material deterioration in our revenues. While global vaccination efforts are underway and demand for air travel has begun to return, the continued impact of COVID-19, including any increases in infection rates and renewed governmental action to slow the spread of COVID-19 such as has occurred throughout Western Europe and Latin America in the first quarter of 2021, cannot be estimated.
We have taken aggressive actions to mitigate the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, including deep capacity reductions, structural changes to our fleet, cost reductions, and steps to preserve cash and improve our overall liquidity position. We remain extremely focused on taking all self-help measures available to manage our business during this unprecedented time, consistent with the terms of the financial assistance we have received from the U.S. Government under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) and Subtitle A of Title IV of Division N of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 (PSP Extension Law).
Capacity Reductions
We have significantly reduced our capacity (as measured by available seat miles), with first quarter of 2021 flying down 39.2% year-over-year. Domestic capacity in the first quarter of 2021 was down 36.8% while international capacity was down 45.1% year-over-year.
While demand for domestic and short-haul international markets has begun to return, uncertainty continues to exist. We will continue to match our forward capacity with observed booking trends for future travel and make further adjustments to our capacity as needed.
Cost Reductions
We have reduced our 2021 operating expenditures as a result of permanent non-volume cost reductions. These reductions include labor productivity enhancements, management salaries and benefits and other permanent cost reductions. In the first quarter of 2021, an additional 1,600 represented team members opted in to a voluntary early retirement program.
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NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF AMERICAN AIRLINES GROUP INC.
(Unaudited)
Liquidity
As of March 31, 2021, we had $17.3 billion in total available liquidity, consisting of $14.0 billion in unrestricted cash and short-term investments, $2.8 billion in an undrawn capacity under revolving credit facilities and a total of $454 million in undrawn short-term revolving and other facilities.
During the first quarter of 2021, we completed the following financing transactions (see Note 5 for further information):
issued $3.5 billion in aggregate principal amount of 5.50% Senior Secured Notes due 2026 and $3.0 billion in aggregate principal amount of 5.75% Senior Secured Notes due 2029 and entered into a $3.5 billion senior secured term loan facility (the AAdvantage Term Loan Facility) of which the full amount of term loans was drawn at closing;
repaid in full $750 million under the 2013 Revolving Facility, $1.6 billion under the 2014 Revolving Facility and $450 million under the April 2016 Revolving Facility, all of which was borrowed in April 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic;
repaid the $550 million of outstanding loans under the $7.5 billion secured term loan facility with the U.S. Department of Treasury (Treasury) (the Treasury Loan Agreement) and terminated the Treasury Loan Agreement;
issued 18.2 million shares of AAG common stock at an average price of $17.59 per share pursuant to an at-the-market offering for net proceeds of $316 million; and
raised $99 million principally from aircraft sale-leaseback transactions.
In addition to the foregoing financings, we received an aggregate of approximately $3.1 billion in financial assistance through the payroll support program (PSP2) established under the PSP Extension Law, all of which was received by the end of March 2021. In connection with our receipt of this financial assistance, AAG issued a promissory note (the PSP2 Promissory Note) to Treasury for $896 million in aggregate principal amount and warrants to purchase up to an aggregate of approximately 5.7 million shares (the PSP2 Warrant Shares) of AAG common stock. See below for further discussion on PSP2.
A significant portion of our debt financing agreements contain covenants requiring us to maintain an aggregate of at least $2.0 billion of unrestricted cash and cash equivalents and amounts available to be drawn under revolving credit facilities and/or contain loan to value, collateral coverage and/or debt service coverage ratio covenants.
Given the above actions and our current assumptions about the future impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on travel demand, which could be materially different due to the inherent uncertainties of the current operating environment, we expect to meet our cash obligations as well as remain in compliance with the debt covenants in our existing financing agreements for the next 12 months based on our current level of unrestricted cash and short-term investments, our anticipated access to liquidity (including via proceeds from financings and funds from government assistance to be obtained pursuant to the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021, as amended (the ARP)), and projected cash flows from operations.
PSP2
On January 15, 2021 (the PSP2 Closing Date), American, Envoy Air Inc. (Envoy), Piedmont Airlines, Inc. (Piedmont) and PSA Airlines, Inc. (PSA and together with American, Envoy and Piedmont, the Subsidiaries), entered into a Payroll Support Program Extension Agreement (the PSP2 Agreement) with Treasury, with respect to PSP2 provided pursuant to the PSP Extension Law. In connection with our entry into the PSP2 Agreement, on the PSP2 Closing Date, AAG also entered into a warrant agreement (the PSP2 Warrant Agreement) with Treasury and issued the PSP2 Promissory Note to Treasury, with the Subsidiaries as guarantors.
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PSP2 Agreement
In connection with PSP2, we are required to comply with the relevant provisions of the PSP Extension Law, which are substantially similar as the restrictions contained in the Payroll Support Program Agreement entered into by the Subsidiaries with Treasury in connection with the payroll support program established under the CARES Act, but are in effect for a longer time period. These provisions include the requirement that funds provided pursuant to the PSP2 Agreement be used exclusively for the continuation of payment of eligible employee wages, salaries and benefits, the requirement against involuntary furloughs and reductions in employee pay rates and benefits through March 31, 2021, the provisions that prohibit the repurchase of AAG common stock, and the payment of common stock dividends through at least March 31, 2022, the provisions that restrict the payment of certain executive compensation until at least October 1, 2022, as well as a requirement to recall employees involuntarily terminated or furloughed after September 30, 2020. As was the case with PSP1, the PSP2 Agreement also imposes substantial reporting obligations on us.
Pursuant to the PSP2 Agreement, Treasury provided us financial assistance in two installments (each prior installment and any future installment disbursement, an Installment) totaling approximately $3.1 billion in the aggregate. As partial compensation to the U.S. Government for the provision of financial assistance under PSP2, AAG issued the PSP2 Promissory Note in the aggregate principal amount of $896 million and issued warrants (each a PSP2 Warrant and, collectively, the PSP2 Warrants) to Treasury to purchase up to an aggregate of approximately 5.7 million shares of AAG common stock.
For accounting purposes, the $3.1 billion of aggregate financial assistance we received pursuant to the PSP2 Agreement is allocated to the PSP2 Promissory Note, the PSP2 Warrants and the other PSP2 financial assistance (the PSP2 Financial Assistance). The aggregate principal amount of $896 million of the PSP2 Promissory Note was recorded as unsecured long-term debt, and the total fair value of the PSP2 Warrants of $65 million, estimated using a Black-Scholes option pricing model, was recorded in stockholders' deficit in the condensed consolidated balance sheet. The remaining amount of approximately $2.1 billion of PSP2 Financial Assistance was recognized as a credit to special items, net in the condensed consolidated statement of operations in the first quarter of 2021, the remaining period over which the continuation of payment of eligible employee wages, salaries and benefits was required.
PSP2 Promissory Note
As partial compensation to the U.S. Government for the provision of financial assistance under the PSP2 Agreement, AAG issued the PSP2 Promissory Note to Treasury, which provides for our unconditional promise to pay to Treasury the principal sum of $896 million, subject to an increase equal to 30% of the amount of any additional Installment disbursed under the PSP2 Agreement, and the guarantee of our obligations under the PSP2 Promissory Note by the Subsidiaries.
The PSP2 Promissory Note bears interest on the outstanding principal amount at a rate equal to 1.00% per annum until the fifth anniversary of the PSP2 Closing Date and 2.00% plus an interest rate based on the secured overnight financing rate per annum or other benchmark replacement rate consistent with customary market conventions (but not to be less than 0.00%) thereafter until the tenth anniversary of the PSP2 Closing Date (the PSP2 Maturity Date), and interest accrued thereon will be payable in arrears on the last business day of March and September of each year, beginning on March 31, 2021. The aggregate principal amount outstanding under the PSP2 Promissory Note, together with all accrued and unpaid interest thereon and all other amounts payable under the PSP2 Promissory Note, will be due and payable on the PSP2 Maturity Date.
We may, at any time and from time to time, voluntarily prepay amounts outstanding under the PSP2 Promissory Note, in whole or in part, without penalty or premium. Within 30 days of the occurrence of certain change of control triggering events, we are required to prepay the aggregate outstanding principal amount of the PSP2 Promissory Note at such time, together with any accrued interest or other amounts owing under the PSP2 Promissory Note at such time.
The PSP2 Promissory Note is our senior unsecured obligation and each guarantee of the PSP2 Promissory Note is the senior unsecured obligation of each of the Subsidiaries, respectively.
The PSP2 Promissory Note contains events of default, including cross-default with respect to acceleration or failure to pay at maturity other material indebtedness. Upon the occurrence of an event of default and subject to certain grace periods, the outstanding obligations under the PSP2 Promissory Note may, and in certain circumstances will automatically, be accelerated and become due and payable immediately.
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PSP2 Warrant Agreement and PSP2 Warrants
As partial compensation to the U.S. Government for the provision of financial assistance under the PSP2 Agreement, and pursuant to the PSP2 Warrant Agreement, AAG issued the PSP2 Warrants to Treasury to purchase PSP2 Warrant Shares. The exercise price of the PSP2 Warrant Shares is $15.66 per share, subject to certain anti-dilution provisions provided for in the PSP2 Warrants.
Pursuant to the PSP2 Warrant Agreement, AAG issued to Treasury PSP2 Warrants to purchase up to an aggregate of approximately 5.7 million shares of Common Stock based on the terms described herein and on the date of any increase of the principal amount of the PSP2 Promissory Note in connection with the disbursement of any additional Installment under the PSP2 Agreement, AAG will issue to Treasury an additional PSP2 Warrant for a number of shares of AAG common stock equal to 10% of such increase of the principal amount of the PSP2 Promissory Note, divided by $15.66, the exercise price of such shares.
The PSP2 Warrants do not have any voting rights and are freely transferrable, with registration rights. Each PSP2 Warrant expires on the fifth anniversary of the date of issuance of such PSP2 Warrant. The PSP2 Warrants will be exercisable either through net share settlement or cash, at our option. The PSP2 Warrants were and will be issued solely as compensation to the U.S. Government related to entry into the PSP2 Agreement. No separate proceeds (apart from the financial assistance described above) were received upon issuance of the PSP2 Warrants or will be received upon exercise thereof.
(c) Recent Accounting Pronouncements
ASU 2020-06: Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts In An Entity's Own Equity (the New Convertible Debt Standard)
The New Convertible Debt Standard simplifies the accounting for certain convertible instruments by removing the separation models for convertible debt with a cash conversion feature and for convertible instruments with a beneficial conversion feature. As a result, more convertible debt instruments will be reported as a single liability instrument with no separate accounting for embedded conversion features. Additionally, the New Convertible Debt Standard amends the diluted earnings per share calculation for convertible instruments by requiring the use of the if-converted method. The treasury stock method is no longer available. Entities may adopt the New Convertible Debt Standard using either a full or modified retrospective approach, and it is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2021. Early adoption is permitted for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2020. The New Convertible Debt Standard is applicable to our 6.50% convertible senior notes due 2025 (the Convertible Notes). We early adopted the New Convertible Debt Standard as of January 1, 2021 using the modified retrospective method to recognize our Convertible Notes as a single liability instrument. As of January 1, 2021, we recorded a $415 million ($320 million net of tax) reduction to additional paid-in capital to remove the equity component of the Convertible Notes from our balance sheet and a $19 million cumulative effect adjustment credit, net of tax, to retained deficit related to non-cash debt discount amortization recognized in periods prior to adoption resulting in a corresponding reduction of $389 million to the debt discount associated with the Convertible Notes.
ASU 2019-12: Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (Topic 740)
This standard simplifies the accounting and disclosure requirements for income taxes by clarifying the existing guidance to improve consistency in the application of Accounting Standards Codification 740. This standard also removed the requirement to calculate income tax expense for the stand-alone financial statements of wholly-owned subsidiaries that are not subject to income tax. We adopted this standard effective January 1, 2021, and it did not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
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2. Special Items, Net
Special items, net in the condensed consolidated statements of operations consisted of the following (in millions):
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20212020
PSP2 Financial Assistance (1)
$(1,882)$ 
Severance expenses (2)
168 205 
Mark-to-market adjustments on bankruptcy obligations, net (3)
6 (50)
Fleet impairment (4)
 744 
Labor contract expenses (5)
 218 
Other operating special items, net 15 
Mainline operating special items, net(1,708)1,132 
PSP2 Financial Assistance (1)
(244) 
Fleet impairment (4)
27 93 
Severance expenses (2)
2  
Regional operating special items, net(215)93 
Operating special items, net(1,923)1,225 
Mark-to-market adjustments on equity and other investments, net (6)
(49)180 
Debt refinancing, extinguishment and other, net26 37 
Nonoperating special items, net(23)217 
(1)PSP2 Financial Assistance represents recognition of financial assistance received from Treasury pursuant to the PSP2 Agreement. See Note 1(b) for further information.
(2)Severance expenses include salary and medical costs primarily associated with certain team members who opted in to voluntary early retirement programs offered as a result of reductions to our operation due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Cash payments related to our voluntary early retirement programs were approximately $170 million during the first quarter of 2021.
(3)Bankruptcy obligations that will be settled in shares of our common stock are marked-to-market based on our stock price.
(4)Fleet impairment resulted from our decision to retire certain aircraft earlier than planned driven primarily by the severe decline in air travel due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In the first quarter of 2021, we retired our remaining fleet of Embraer 140 aircraft resulting in a $27 million non-cash write-down of these aircraft. In the first quarter of 2020, we retired our Boeing 757, Boeing 767, Airbus A330-300 and Embraer 190 fleets as well as certain Embraer 140 and Bombardier CRJ200 aircraft resulting in a $764 million non-cash write-down of these aircraft and associated spare parts and $73 million in cash charges primarily for impairment of ROU assets and lease return costs.
(5)Labor contract expenses primarily related to one-time charges resulting from the ratification of a new contract with the Transport Workers Union and International Association of Machinists & Aerospace Workers for our maintenance and fleet service team members, including signing bonuses and adjustments to vacation accruals resulting from pay rate increases.
(6)Mark-to-market adjustments on equity and other investments, net primarily related to net unrealized gains and losses associated with our equity investment in China Southern Airlines Company Limited (China Southern Airlines) and certain treasury rate lock derivative instruments.
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3. Loss Per Common Share
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted loss per common share (EPS) (in millions, except share and per share amounts):
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20212020
Basic and diluted EPS:
Net loss$(1,250)$(2,241)
Weighted average common shares outstanding (in thousands)634,609 425,713 
Basic and diluted EPS$(1.97)$(5.26)
Securities that could potentially dilute EPS in the future, and which were excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS because inclusion of such shares would be antidilutive, are as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
6.50% convertible senior notes61,728  
PSP1 Warrants4,957  
Restricted stock unit awards3,255 4,934 
Treasury Loan Warrants1,545  
PSP2 Warrants520  
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4. Revenue Recognition
Revenue
The following are the significant categories comprising our reported operating revenues (in millions):
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20212020
Passenger revenue:
Passenger travel$2,893 $7,079 
Loyalty revenue - travel (1)
286 602 
Total passenger revenue3,179 7,681 
Cargo315 147 
Other:
Loyalty revenue - marketing services (2)
457 571 
Other revenue57 116 
Total other revenue514 687 
Total operating revenues$4,008 $8,515 
(1)Loyalty revenue included in passenger revenue is principally comprised of mileage credit redemptions, which were earned from travel or co-branded credit card and other partners.
(2)During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, cash payments from co-branded credit card and other partners was $1.0 billion and $1.3 billion, respectively.
The following is our total passenger revenue by geographic region (in millions):
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20212020
Domestic$2,655 $5,780 
Latin America482 1,180 
Atlantic
22 523 
Pacific20 198 
Total passenger revenue$3,179 $7,681 
We attribute passenger revenue by geographic region based upon the origin and destination of each flight segment.
Contract Balances
Our significant contract liabilities are comprised of (1) outstanding loyalty program mileage credits that may be redeemed for future travel and other non-air travel awards, reported as loyalty program liability on the condensed consolidated balance sheets and (2) ticket sales for transportation that has not yet been provided, reported as air traffic liability on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
(In millions)
Loyalty program liability$9,378 $9,195 
Air traffic liability5,598 4,757 
Total$14,976 $13,952 
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The balance of the loyalty program liability fluctuates based on seasonal patterns, which impact the volume of mileage credits issued through travel or sold to co-branded credit card and other partners (deferral of revenue) and mileage credits redeemed (recognition of revenue). Changes in loyalty program liability are as follows (in millions):
Balance at December 31, 2020$9,195 
Deferral of revenue490 
Recognition of revenue (1)
(307)
Balance at March 31, 2021 (2)
$9,378 
(1)Principally relates to revenue recognized from the redemption of mileage credits for both air and non-air travel awards. Mileage credits are combined in one homogenous pool and are not separately identifiable. As such, the revenue is comprised of miles that were part of the loyalty program deferred revenue balance at the beginning of the period, as well as miles that were issued during the period.
(2)Mileage credits can be redeemed at any time and generally do not expire as long as that AAdvantage member has any type of qualifying activity at least every 18 months. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we suspended the expiration of mileage credits through June 30, 2021 and eliminated mileage reinstatement fees for canceled award tickets. As of March 31, 2021, our current loyalty program liability was $2.3 billion and represents our current estimate of revenue expected to be recognized in the next 12 months based on historical as well as projected trends, with the balance reflected in long-term loyalty program liability expected to be recognized as revenue in periods thereafter. Given the inherent uncertainty of the current operating environment due to the COVID-19 pandemic, we will continue to monitor redemption patterns and may adjust our estimates in the future.
The air traffic liability principally represents tickets sold for future travel on American and partner airlines, as well as estimated future refunds and exchanges of tickets sold for past travel. The balance in our air traffic liability also fluctuates with seasonal travel patterns. The contract duration of passenger tickets is generally one year. Accordingly, any revenue associated with tickets sold for future travel will be recognized within 12 months. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, $838 million of revenue was recognized in passenger revenue that was included in our air traffic liability at December 31, 2020. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we extended the contract duration for certain tickets to March 31, 2022, principally those tickets which were scheduled to expire from March 1, 2020 through March 31, 2021. Additionally, we have eliminated change fees for most domestic and international tickets. As of March 31, 2021, the air traffic liability included approximately $2.1 billion of travel credits related to these unused tickets. Accordingly, any revenue associated with these tickets will be recognized within the next 12 months. Given this change in contract duration and uncertainty surrounding the future demand for air travel, our estimates of revenue that will be recognized from the air traffic liability for future flown or unused tickets as well as our estimates of refunds may be subject to variability and differ from historical experience.
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5. Debt
Long-term debt included in the condensed consolidated balance sheets consisted of (in millions):
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Secured
2013 Term Loan Facility, variable interest rate of 1.86%, installments through 2025
$1,788 $1,788 
2013 Revolving Facility 750 
2014 Term Loan Facility, variable interest rate of 1.86%, installments through 2027
1,208 1,220 
2014 Revolving Facility 1,643 
April 2016 Term Loan Facility, variable interest rate of 2.11%, installments through 2023
960 960 
April 2016 Revolving Facility 450 
December 2016 Term Loan Facility, variable interest rate of 2.11%, installments through 2023
1,200 1,200 
11.75% senior secured notes, interest only payments until due in July 2025
2,500 2,500 
10.75% senior secured IP notes, interest only payments until due in February 2026
1,000 1,000 
10.75% senior secured LGA/DCA notes, interest only payments until due in February 2026
200 200 
Treasury Term Loan Facility 550 
5.50% senior secured notes, installments beginning in July 2023 until due in April 2026
3,500  
5.75% senior secured notes, installments beginning in July 2026 until due in April 2029
3,000  
AAdvantage Term Loan Facility, variable interest rate of 5.5%, installments beginning in July 2023 through April 2028
3,500  
Enhanced equipment trust certificates (EETCs), fixed interest rates ranging from 3.00% to 8.39%, averaging 3.95%, maturing from 2021 to 2032
10,652 11,013 
Equipment loans and other notes payable, fixed and variable interest rates ranging from 1.28% to 5.83%, averaging 1.87%, maturing from 2021 to 2032
4,156 4,417 
Special facility revenue bonds, fixed interest rates ranging from 5.00% to 8.00%, maturing from 2021 to 2036
1,064 1,064 
34,728 28,755 
Unsecured
PSP1 Promissory Note1,765 1,765 
PSP2 Promissory Note896  
6.50% convertible senior notes, interest only payments until due in July 2025
1,000 1,000 
5.000% senior notes, interest only payments until due in June 2022
750 750 
3.75% senior notes, interest only payments until due in March 2025
500 500 
4,911 4,015 
Total long-term debt39,639 32,770 
Less: Total unamortized debt discount, premium and issuance costs515